The state of Oaxaca is a rich one in the field of music. The influences after the conquest gave birth to different musical expressions; at this hall there are wooden masks used in dancing and ritual ceremonies, mostly in pagan manifestations. Antique percussion instruments added with strings. There are shells of marine snails, flutes of Carrizo, drums with leather, drumming logs, and maracas made with "Bule".
The work of the leather, because of the introduction of horses and fire arms, rapidly increased after the colonization: At this hall there are displayed the new and common articles made with leather: saddles, huaraches, a dust jacketed book , a suitcase for hairdressers, holsters for pistols and sheaths for long knives called machetes
The introduction of techniques to work metals had a really deep impact in the lives of local people. Weapons changed from wood and stone into machetes and knives. Many items of steel are displayed at this hall, mainly, machetes, knives, axes, and a altarpiece made of tinplate.
The religious figures that decorate, so far, temples and churches are creations of great carvers from past centuries. At this hall there is a wood carved San Pablo and pre-Hispanic shapes sculpted in stone, A San Juan Evangelista, carved in wood and stoved, there is also a Baroque stile sculpture of an Apostle which displays a marked drama in its face, it has eyes of glass and teeth.
At this hall there are mainly goldsmith and silversmith: crowns and Custodials. There is also a religious cup, and amazing gold collars with many coins. These collars almost cover the chest and are usually worn by women.
When the Dominics got to the new land they taught how to control the heat in ovens in order to obtain better pieces of ceramic. At this hall pieces of the new and ancient techniques to work ceramic are displayed.
There are paintings at this hall; there is a portrait of Jose Calderon from the XVIII century, of anonymous author. There is a portrait of Don Manuel Fernandez de Fiallo de Boralla, philanthropist from Oaxaca, century XVIII.
At this hall there is an oil painting of San Lorenzo, who died in the grill of a kitchen and, because of it; it is related to gastronomy as the Patron Saint of it. The shift of traditional to newly brought cooking instruments is also displayed at this hall.
At this hall there are displayed instruments to produce mezcal, the typical and exclusive alcoholic beverage of Oaxaca. The importance of this beverage in the culture of Oaxaca is prominent; there is not a festivity without mezcal. The factories where mezcal is handmade produced are called “Palenques”. This hall presents the instruments used in the process of converting the Maguey or Agave plant into the typical beverage of Oaxaca, the strong mezcal, which is said that releases the spirit.
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